The three African non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Council—Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea and South Africa—along with the African Union (AU), on Tuesday September 10th urged the Council to delete Sudan from the list of countries supporting terrorism. In a joint press release for the three African countries, the AU Peace and Security Council stated that due to the recent positive developments which have taken place in Sudan, it has already lifted the three-month sanctions imposed on it.
The UN Security Council sanctioned Sudan in 2005, imposing travel bans and freezing assets on parties involved in the 2003 conflict which took place in the western Darfur region. Washington has included Sudan on its blacklist of countries supporting terrorism since 1993, thus hindering it from improving economically.
Last week, the newly appointed Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok announced the formation of Sudan’s new cabinet, appointing 18 ministers. Hamdok said the formation of the cabinet marked a new phase and that if properly managed, the country could build a homeland it would be proud of. He further stressed that among the new government’s top priorities are an end to war and the improvement of the country’s economy.
Last month, Sudan's Transitional Military Council and the opposition Freedom and Change Alliance jointly signed the political and constitutional declarations, marking the beginning of transitional rule after former President Omar al-Bashir was toppled in April. According to the declarations, the political structures during the transitional period will comprise the sovereign council, the council of ministers and the legislative council.
The joint statement by the African countries urges Sudan’s new cabinet to “observe and faithfully implement the roadmap provisions as agreed and ultimately hold free, fair and transparent parliamentary and presidential elections” in order to create a peaceful transition to guarantee the accomplishment of permanent peace and stability in Sudan.
France24 news said that the joint statement reveals the belief that in order for Sudan to maintain peace, it must enhance its economic and social status. “Therefore, we wish the international community, including development partners, to support the new Sudanese government in creating an enabling environment for a peaceful transition, as well as the implementation of its ambitious program of economic and social development," read the statement.
In a related event, Egypt’s Foreign Affairs Minister Sameh Shoukry travelled to Sudan on September 9th and in a press release stated that Egypt supported efforts to lift Sudan from Washington’s blacklist. Shoukry’s visit to Sudan marks a new phase of solid mutual relations as Sudan embarks on a transition to civilian rule.
Shoukri’s visit is of special importance since it comes at the beginning of a new phase of cooperation between the two countries to face challenges and coordinate stances on regional and international issues of mutual concern following the changes in Sudan.