Australia is ranked world’s third largest emissions exporter, with more than a billion tonnes of carbon dioxide shipped abroad annually in the form of coal and liquified natural gas, according to a report by the Australian Institute, AFP has reported.
The two countries that lead the list are Russia and Saudi Arabia.
"Australia makes up 29% of world coal trade by CO2 potential," the report, based on International Energy Agency data, said, calling for more focus on who supplies the energy driving global warming.
"Treaties and status quo debate focuses on demand for carbon, rather than supply," author Tom Swann wrote.
"This ignores the fact that increasing supply and supply infrastructure will tend to 'lock in' increased emissions."
Authorities in Queensland, Australia, have approved the building of a huge new coal mine. Most of the coal dug up will go to India and eventually to supply electricity in Bangladesh.