The German government announced on Tuesday January 14th, that the international conference on Libya will be held in the capital Berlin on Sunday January 19th under the auspices of the United Nations, with the aim of working to create conditions for the start of a peace process in Libya, which is suffering from civil war.
Many countries, including Russia, Turkey, the United States, China, Italy, and France, will participate in the conference, but doubts surround the presence of the two parties to the conflict in Libya, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, the leader of the Libyan National Army (LNA), and Fayez al-Sarraj, who is backed by Turkey and other militias fighting under the umbrella of his government in Tripoli. Both are invited to participate.
According to AFP, the statement confirmed that the conference is part of the process launched by the UN to reach a "Sovereign Libya" and to support reconciliation efforts inside Libya.
Diplomatic sources indicated that the possibility of the deployment of UN peacekeepers in Libya is unlikely to be put forward.
Tuesday's announcement came just hours after Haftar left talks with al-Sarraj, which were held on Monday in Moscow without signing a long-term truce.
Meanwhile, the Russian Defence Ministry Sergey Lavrov said on Tuesday that Haftar accepted the final statement on the ceasefire in Libya, the Russian news agency, Sputnik, reported.
The ministry said in a statement "During the negotiations, according to the Defence Ministry, both sides reaffirmed their commitment to Libya's ‘sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity’.” Moscow said that it would continue mediation efforts.
Haftar asked for more time to study the document approved by al-Sarraj, but he left Moscow without signing the agreement reached under the auspices of Ankara and Moscow, according to Russian Foreign Ministry spokesperson, Maria Zakharova.
Earlier, the Russian foreign minister confirmed that Haftar had postponed the signing of the truce agreement. Meanwhile, the Turkish foreign minister claimed that Haftar had asked to extend the deadline until Tuesday morning.
The director of the Moral Guidance Department of the LNA, Khaled al-Mahjoub, said that it was not possible to reach an understanding with the armed militias of al-Sarraj's government in Tripoli, except by way of a military solution, after they had rejected all political solutions and peaceful options.
He said that Turkey was an enemy supporter of militias, and that there was no legitimacy for al- Sarraj's government, which harboured terrorists.