Mogadishu has become Africa’s most crowded city as Somalis continue to flee from rural areas to seek shelter and aid, according to a new report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC).
IDMC said people are fleeing from conflict and natural disasters such as drought and famine.
More than 340,000 people fled their homes in the first half of 2018, with Mogadishu the main destination.
“Drought, competition for resources and poor living conditions have fuelled fighting in rural areas, and pushed people towards Mogadishu, which has made it the second most densely populated city in the world after Dhaka, and the most densely populated city in Africa,” said the report.
“Somalis are fleeing to Mogadishu seeking shelter, protection and aid. With nowhere else to go, they crowd into camps that are unhealthy and unsafe. This influx has made Mogadishu the most densely populated city in Africa, with more people arriving every day,” said Evelyn Aero, Regional Adviser for the Norwegian Refugee Council.
There are 2.6 million people displaced within Somalia, 600,000 of whom are in Mogadishu living in informal camps with not enough food, clean water and sanitation.