With hopes of ending the state of unrest in Libya, EU member Germany is sponsoring a conference of foreign ministers of the Group of Seven (G7) – Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States – and other countries concerned with the Libyan file, amid confirmations that the planned conference is different than previous ones and will make a significant change in the Libyan crisis.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel's decision to carry out the Berlin conference came after a warning that Libya is slipping into chaos and could turn to the fate of Syria, while experts and observers have warned of the growing influence of Turkey in Libya by supporting one party and the supply of weapons, which threatens to thwart any attempt to repair the current situation.
In the same context, UN Envoy to Libya Ghassan Salame on Monday, November 18th expressed confidence in the success of the Berlin conference on Libya, calling on the international community to provide an umbrella to end the Libyan conflict and return to dialogue.
Salame pointed out in a speech to a session of the United Nations that one of the outcomes of the Berlin conference will be a follow-up committee working with the UN to implement the recommendations, adding, "This committee will play a vital role in executing a ceasefire and contribute to the implementation of political and economic reforms.”
According to the Associated Press, Salame added that an agreement between Libya’s warring parties to end their conflict is possible, but only if all Libyans reject outside interference.
Regarding the preparations of the Berlin conference, he noted that a “crucial” meeting of senior officials is planned to be held on Wednesday night, November 20th, with the aim of reaching an agreement on an outline of actions needed to end the conflict.
This outline stipulates a return to the Libyan-led peace process, a ceasefire, implementation of the arms embargo against Libya, security and economic reforms, and upholding international human rights and humanitarian law.
“All that is needed now is for you, the international community, to come together to provide the necessary umbrella for the Libyan parties themselves to join hands to end the conflict and resume dialogue,” Salame said.
Eyes are on the Berlin summit on Libya, which is scheduled to take place in December, as some are expecting it to be a realistic opportunity to end the state of chaos and conflict in Libya, where violence is growing with the involvement of mercenaries and militants that receive support from foreign countries.
“External investment in the conflict risks surpassing the amount of national involvement, taking control of Libya’s future away from the Libyans and putting it in the hands of foreign parties,” Salame said, warning that foreign intervention is a main reason behind chaos in Libya.
Germany is using the Berlin summit to try to rectify its refusal to participate for years in resolving the Libyan crisis, which has been complicated by the increasing competition between France and Italy according to their own interests.
Germany fears the negative effects of chaos from militias and the influx of illegal immigrants to Europe since the departure of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.
Chancellor Merkel said last September that her country would do its part to avoid a proxy war in Libya, warning that the situation there was threatening to destabilise the whole of Africa.
“There is a situation that is evolving in Libya and could take on dimensions as we have seen in Syria,” Merkel said in a speech to the German parliament. "It is essential that we do everything we can to ensure that the situation does not escalate into a proxy war, and Germany will do its part,” she added.
"If the situation in Libya does not stabilise, the stability of the entire African region will be destabilised," she explained.
Germany, still suffering from the repercussions of the war in Syria and the refugee crisis, has realised that the experience should not be repeated in Libya, which has become a transit point for illegal migrants to Europe.
The German government does not hide its fear of infiltration of terrorists and militants who are involved in the fighting with the Government of National Accord led by Fayez al-Sarraj with the help of human smugglers benefiting from the chaos following the overthrow of the Gaddafi regime.