John Bolton is one of the most controversial officials in the US political spectrum, from the start of his career in consecutive American governments until being dismissed from his post as National Security Advisor by President Donald Trump on Tuesday, September 10th.
Born on November 20th, 1948, Bolton studied law at Yale University. From his early life, he was an advocate of wars, as he had supported the US war in Vietnam in 1969.
He began ascending in governmental posts, with roles within the State Department, the Justice Department, and the US Agency for International Development during the Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush administrations.
The Happiest Moment
Bolton became Under Secretary of State in 2001 and served until 2005. A key area of his responsibility was preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
Bolton negotiated the so-called "Article 98" agreements with countries to prohibit them from turning Americans over to the International Criminal Court, which is not recognised by the United States.
Bolton said the decision to pull out of the ICC was the "happiest moment" of his political career.
Invasion of Iraq
A war hawk, Bolton was one of the staunch supporters of the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, as he was a big advocate of the pre-emptive wars strategy to protect American national security.
Ambassador to the United Nations (2005–2006)
On March 7, 2005, Bolton was nominated to the post of US ambassador to the United Nations by President George W. Bush.
Bolton's nomination received strong support from Republicans but faced heavy opposition from Democrats due initially to concerns about his strongly hawkish views on the United Nations.
One of the most blunt statements from Bolton was “there is no United Nations.”
Iran and North Korea
Bolton holds very tough views towards Iran and North Korea, as he treated the two countries as a part of the “Axis of Evil.”
In 2015, he said, “Only bombing Iran would take out its uranium-enrichment installations and prevent disaster.” Regarding North Korea, he said on April 2018, “Bomb it.”
Selection and Sacking
On April 9th, Bolton was officially selected as the US National Security Advisor. He was viewed as a staunch ally to Trump, but he was sacked on Tuesday, September 10th after a tense period and conflicting views regarding North Korea and Afghanistan.