Russia has been promoting “collective security mechanisms” in the Gulf, including confidence building measures and participation in joint military exercises, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said on Wednesday, January 15th, according to Reuters.
Amid tensions in the Gulf over the US killing of the top Iranian general, Qassem Soleimani, Lavrov, speaking at a security conference in India’s capital Delhi, said that Russia was “very much concerned” about the incidents in the region.
A further rise in tensions in the region was prompted by Iran’s announcement earlier this month that it would reduce its commitments under the 2015 nuclear deal, dubbed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA), which was signed with six countries, although the US abandoned the agreement in 2018.
This comes a day after France, Germany, and Britain, three of the signatories of the 2015 deal, invoked the deal’s dispute mechanism, their strongest step so far to enforce the deal, given Iran’s continuous violations.
A joint statement issued by the three states said they “do not accept the argument that Iran is entitled to reduce compliance with the JCPoA.”
Brian Hook, US special representative for Iran, affirmed US support for the dispute mechanism step, urging European countries to join Washington’s efforts to diplomatically isolate Tehran.
Trump on Tuesday, January 14th said he agreed with UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson that a new nuclear “Trump deal” should replace the disputed 2015 Iran nuclear agreement.