After the Sudanese people suffered over 30 years of dictatorship and oppression under the rule of ousted President Omar al-Bashir, the opposition and the Transitional Military Council (TMC) finally signed the constitutional declaration on Saturday, August 17th, in a landmark agreement that would pave the way for the transfer of power to civilian rule.
The streets of the Sudanese capital Khartoum were filled with streams of joy and festivals and the processions of the revellers, decorated with the flag of Sudan, headed towards Freedom Square―formerly the Green Square―in the centre of the city.
This agreement, which was attended by heads of states and official Arab and international delegations, would not only move to civilian rule, but also carry out the destruction of al-Bashir's rule, which was filled with the support of the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) terrorist group and armed groups that threatened the security and stability of the Sudanese people for decades. The signing marks the beginning of what the Sudanese people aspire to.
The agreement stipulated the formation of an 11-member Sovereign Council, five military personnel selected by the military council and five civilians selected by the forces of change, in addition to a civilian figure chosen by consensus. The Declaration of Freedom and Change Forces (DFCF) alliance choose the personality of the prime minister, according to the agreement, where DCFC agreed to nominate Dr. Abdullah Hamdouk as candidate for prime minister.
On April 6th, tens of thousands of protesters joined anti-government rallies across the country in what organisers described as one of the biggest turnouts in more than three months of protests calling for al-Bashir to step down.
Elimination of Muslim Brotherhood and Supporters
On August 5th, the TMC and the opposition initialled the Constitutional Declaration document, which marked 30 years of rule and hegemony by the terrorist MB.
Al-Bashir came to power with the support of the so-called "National Islamic Front", which is the MB in Sudan, and its leader Hassan al-Turabi, who later became al-Bashir's partner in power.
The agreement, brokered by "Afro-Ethiopian", stressed that the transition period should be managed through independent national competencies, to implement an emergency program to avoid the complete collapse of the regime of al-Bashir, described as "the worst period of rule over the country," the first six months of the transition period to achieve peace.
The MB in Sudan, backed by Turkish and Qatari funds, has sought to drag the country into chaos to create an opportunity to return to political life, especially after the fall of the Islamic Political Movement led by al-Bashir in April, with a popular uprising supported by the country’s armed forces.
Political experts believe that the Sudan agreement is the beginning of the end of the MB and its subversive plans in the country.
At a time when DFCF and the TMC were seeking to speed up the formation of a civilian authority, the MB was weaving many plots to spread chaos again among the people of Sudan and hinder the process of change aimed at bringing the state to an era of stability and democracy.
According to media reports, the most prominent of these plans is the attempted coup for power four times since the ouster of al-Bashir. These attempts revealed and managed to thwart the Sudanese armed forces, as well as the Qatari efforts aimed at forming a new MB front by integrating parties with Islamic backgrounds into one entity.
Demands to Remove Sudan from the List of Terrorism
The Arab Parliament called for a legal memorandum to be sent in coordination with the Government of Sudan to the US administration and the US Congress to remove Sudan from the list of countries sponsoring terrorism, according to the Speaker of the Arab Parliament, Dr. Meshaal al-Selmi.
For his part, Saudi Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Adel al-Jubeir said on Saturday that the Kingdom is working closely with Sudan to remove its name from a list of state sponsors of terrorism, Saudi Press Agency (SPA) reported.
"We continue to work with Sudan to remove Sudan from the list of state sponsors of terrorism," al-Jubeir told a news conference in Khartoum following the signing of transitional power-sharing documents. This will also open up many areas for Sudan to investments.
Regional and International Welcome
Regional and international countries and organisations welcomed the historic agreement concluded in the Sudanese capital, which included the signing of the transitional period documents with a wide international presence.
United Arab Emirates Minister of State Dr. Sultan bin Ahmad Sultan Al Jaber has expressed the UAE’s wholehearted support for Sudan and their quest to find and bring about a foundation for democracy through the power-sharing deal that has been struck, and affirming that the historic move would add more prosperous opportunities to the future of Sudan.
The minister had explained in a statement given at the signing ceremony that the UAE participation is a recognition of the country’s’ sovereignty, and it amplifies and stresses the UAE’s effort to stand beside the Forces of Freedom and Change, and assert the implementation of concepts that would demonstrate the foundation of security, stability, and prosperity for Sudan and all its people.
In addition, Saudi Arabia said that the Sudan agreement is the first building block that will contribute to building a state capable of security and economic progress, and will contribute to the realisation of the aspirations of the brotherly Sudanese people.
"The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia calls upon all Arab and Islamic countries and the international community to stand by brotherly Sudan and open a new chapter in its history with determination and resolve of its citizens, and aspiration to the growth, stability, pride, and dignity that this noble country deserves, away from terrorism, extremism, and those who call for them, either by calling or doing for that," al-Jubeir said.
Jordan also welcomed the historic step in Sudan. Jordanian Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi congratulated Sudan on the signing of the agreement, affirming Jordan's support to Sudan in its efforts to overcome the challenges of the current stage and build the bright future they desire and deserve, and to consolidate democracy and achieve security, safety, and success.
For his part, Egyptian Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly, representative of the African Union, expressed Cairo's support for the hopes of the Sudanese people, praising the regional efforts that helped to reach a transition agreement.
Madbouly said that Egypt will spare no effort in providing all possible support to Sudan in the coming period, including political support in regional and international forums, especially the AU, until Sudan regains its distinguished position on the continent.
"I deliver to you the salute of your brothers from the north of the valley and our support for your choices and ambitions that are not limited to geographical boundaries," Madbouly said, stressing his support and determination to strengthen relations between the two fraternal countries, according to Egyptian news portal Al-Ahram Online.
Internationally, the EU representative to Sudan, Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto, called on political parties to come to dialogue and agreement among them, noting that the AU wants to discuss controversial issues within Sudan.
Moreover, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Secretary General Dr. Yusuf bin Ahmed Al-Uthaymeen congratulated the Sudanese people on the historic agreement, saying, "The Organisation hopes that the Sudanese people will start their new life towards stability and prosperity."