Reconciliation in Yemen is underway with the implementation of the Riyadh agreement. The Yemeni prime minister together with several government ministers returned to the interim capital Aden on Monday November 18th to begin implementing the agreement aimed at uniting Yemeni forces against Houthi militia in order to bring about security, stability, and the territorial integrity of the country under the new federal Yemen.
Pursuant to the terms of the agreement signed by the government and the Southern Transitional Council (STC) in the Saudi capital on November 5th, the government's return to the provisional capital of Aden aims to normalise the situation in the city, pay the salaries of state employees, provide services, achieve security and stability, until the formation of a new government including 24 ministers, which will manage resources, combat corruption, and end the Houthi movement 2014-15 coup.
In parallel with this step, the leadership of the coalition will continue to oversee the implementation of the rest of the Riyadh agreement. A joint committee formed from the government and the STC, under the supervision of the coalition leadership, now begins the task of discussing the formation of the new government and the selection of governors of the liberated governorates, as well as the implementation of the security and military aspects stipulated in the agreement aimed at transferring troops to the Houthi battle front and securing Aden and the rest of the liberated areas.
Several observers state that the Riyadh agreement has created an atmosphere of optimism among people in the liberated areas, who hope that services in the health, education, and electricity sectors will improve. They also hope all parties will unite in the battle against the Iranian-backed Houthi militia.
The agreement, sponsored by Saudi Arabia, between allies opposing the Houthi militia, marks a new phase of cooperation and partnership and the unification of efforts to resume development and construction, especially in the liberated southern provinces.
The agreement stipulates, among its most prominent items, the return of the legitimate government to Aden, the unification of all military forces under the authority of the ministries of interior and defence, and the formation of an efficient government composed equally of officials from both north and south Yemen.
Under the agreement, Yemeni President Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi will appoint governors for all southern governorates, with prominent political and security leaders on both sides to be excluded from the upcoming ministerial and local appointments, due to their participation in hostilities and incitement in the governorates of Aden, Abyan and Shabwa.
The United Arab Emirates has dispatched a new food aid convoy to the people of Broom Mayfa district in Yemen's Hadramaut governorate, benefiting 4,500 low-income and needy families as part of the UAE’s efforts to alleviate the suffering of Yemeni families in difficult situations due to the economic conditions in the country.
According to Emirates News Agency (WAM), the number of food commodities distributed since the UAE declared 2019 the ‘Year of Tolerance’ reached 33,000 food baskets, targeting 168,220 members of needy families in Hadramout.
The Saudi cabinet denounced on Tuesday November 19th the hijacking of the naval locomotive Rabigh 3 by Houthi militia.
According to the Saudi-based TV channel Al-Arabyia, the Saudi cabinet affirmed that this action poses a real threat to the freedom of international shipping and international trade and a criminal precedent for the security of the Strait of Bab al-Mandab.
Since 2017, Iranian-backed Houthi militias have committed 25,714 cases of abuse against citizens, according to statements this month from the Minister of State, Secretary of the Yemeni capital, Abdul Ghani.
Since its coup against the legitimate government in Yemen, Houthi militia have continued to commit violations not only against Yemeni citizens but also the country’s sources of income, looting revenues from Hodeidah port and using it to finance their military operations against civilians and legal forces based in Yemeni governorates.
According to UEA-based newspaper Al-Ittihad, Houthi militias recently looted more than $16 million from oil derivatives’ revenues that had entered through the port of Hodeidah.
Houthi militias use these revenues to finance their project and military activity but it is thought that they also line their own pockets rather than pay salaries and improve the humanitarian situation of the Yemeni people.