The “Moderation Conference” in Mecca City, Saudi Arabia, concluded its activities on Wednesday May 29th by adopting the "Mecca Document", which calls for Muslim countries to unite in rejecting extremism, hate speech and denouncing racism.
During the final session of the conference, delegations from 137 countries agreed on the document (the “Charter of Mecca”), which also calls on the world to fight terrorism, injustice and oppression. The document states that the refusal to exploit people and violate human rights is the duty of all.
The conference’s theme was “Middling Religious Values and Moderation in Islam”, with delegations from 137 countries. A large group of scientists, intellectuals, muftis and senior officials from different Muslim countries participated in the conference.
The Mecca document includes many points considered a valuable foundation for justice, equality, freedom, cooperation and the spreading of tolerance among countries practising moderate Islam.
It stressed that the phenomenon of "Islamophobia" is result of a lack of knowledge of true Islam and Islamic civilisation, its creativity and lofty goals.
The document also confirmed that assault on houses of worship is a criminal act that requires a firm legislative stand and strong political and security guarantees.
It rejects all kinds of intervention in countries’ affairs, especially political and economic domination, stressing that any sectarian ideas are totally unacceptable.
The document also warns that the clash of civilisations and the call for confrontation and intimidation are a manifestation of isolation and arrogance generated by racism. It emphasises that successful international development comes from deterring all forms of corruption and enforcing the principle of accountability.
“Safeguarding Muslim societies against extremism is the responsibility of educational institutions, civil society and platforms such as Friday sermons,” the document said.
It states that the achievement of tolerant coexistence and security among all religious, ethnic and cultural groups requires cooperation among international leaders and institutions.
It concludes with the call to empower women in a way that preserves the limits set by Allah and protects young Muslims from discrimination.